SACRAMENTO, California (AP) — A resolution urging California colleges and universities to squelch nascent anti-Semitism also encouraged educators to crack down on demonstrations against Israel, angering advocates for Muslim students.

With no debate, lawmakers on Tuesday approved a resolution that encourages university leaders to combat a wide array of anti-Jewish and anti-Israel actions.

"California schools need to recognize that anti-Semitism is still a very real issue on college campuses around the state — it did not disappear with the end of World War II," said Assemblywoman Linda Halderman, the resolution’s author.

Most of the incidents of anti-Semitism the resolution cited are related to the Israel-Palestine debate. These include instances of protesters comparing Israeli police to Nazis and urging support for Hamas.

The resolution, which is purely symbolic and does not carry policy implications, also condemns the suggestion that Israel is a "racist" state and that Jews "wield excessive power over American foreign policy."

CLEVELAND (AP) — An Amish preacher testified Wednesday that he watched three men cut his father’s hair and beard during an attack last fall that left his father shaking and relatives screaming.

Andy Hershberger was the first witness in the federal trial of a breakaway Amish group from the U.S. state of Ohio accused of hate crimes in hair-cutting attacks on fellow Amish. Prosecutors say Hershberger’s father was among those attacked because he and the leader of the breakaway group had religious differences.

Andy Hershberger testified that his father, an Amish bishop, pleaded for the men not to shear him. But he said within minutes, the hair from his father’s beard had been cut and scattered across the floor. He said clumps of hair were missing from his father’s head and his scalp was bleeding.

Prosecutors say his father, Raymond Hershberger, was targeted because he was among several bishops who had religious disagreements with Mullet.

Attorneys for the defendants argue that the Amish are bound by different rules guided by their religion and that the government shouldn’t get involved in what amounted to a family or church dispute.


Businesses reopen after 2 days of riots in Mombasa, questions remain about murder of Islamist

MOMBASA, Kenya (AP) — Businesses reopened Wednesday in most parts of Mombasa after youths rioted for two days, angered over the killing of a hardline Muslim cleric.

The rioting on Monday and Tuesday had brought this vibrant city, Kenya’s second-biggest, to a near standstill, left four people dead and several churches and businesses damaged.

Police reinforcements helped contain attempts by youths from the populous Majengo area to continue with the protests for a third day.

The disturbances broke out as a response to the killing of Muslim cleric Aboud Rogo Mohammed, who had been sanctioned by the U.S. and U.N. for his alleged support for al-Shabab, an al-Qiada-linked militant group in Somalia. He was shot to death by unidentified gunmen Monday morning as he drove in his car with his family.


Police say Jewish religion not factor in attack on US college student

DETROIT (AP) — A university student’s Jewish religion was not a factor in an assault at an off-campus party, police said Wednesday, a day after the 19-year-old man claimed he was hit in the jaw as a victim of "religious hatred."

There is no dispute that Zach Tennen was seriously injured early Sunday. But witnesses interviewed by detectives have not confirmed Tennen’s account that he was attacked after revealing he’s Jewish, East Lansing police Capt. Jeff Murphy said.

Police also have no evidence that Tennen’s mouth was stapled, as he maintains, Murphy said.

"There’s a lot more to it than what is on the surface," Murphy told The Associated Press. "This came out early as being reported as a hate crime. It now appears after we’ve talked to many people who were at this party — and most importantly two witnesses who saw the actual assault — it doesn’t appear that religion was the reason he was assaulted."

Tennen is recovering from jaw surgery. His father, Bruce Tennen, said the police department’s latest "assertions sicken us."

Tennen was punched while in the front yard of a Michigan home while 40 people partied in the backyard. The Michigan State student said he was punched and had his mouth stapled after telling two men that he’s Jewish.


Indian court finds 32 Hindus guilty for their roles in deadly religious riots 10 years ago

AHMADABAD, India (AP) — An Indian court convicted a former state government minister and 31 other people Wednesday in connection with deadly anti-Muslim riots that shook the western state of Gujarat in 2002.

The violence, which killed more than 1,100 people, almost all Muslims, began after a train fire on Feb. 27, 2002, that killed 60 Hindu pilgrims. Hindu mobs, convinced Muslims set the fire, rampaged through towns and villages burning Muslim homes and businesses.

Rights groups and survivors have accused the state government, controlled by the Hindu right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party, of not doing enough to stop the violence and even stoking it.

The convictions Wednesday, on charges ranging from rioting to murder, stemmed from an attack in Naroda Patiya, a small industrial town on the outskirts of Ahmadabad, Gujarat’s capital, that killed 95 people.

Those convicted included Maya Kodnani, a state legislator at the time who later became minister of education and child welfare in the Gujarat government. She was arrested in 2009 on charges of murder and criminal conspiracy and has been in prison since.